Of our beloved minister in Christ, John K. Brubaker,
who departed this life
Aug. 1898 in the 55th year of his age.
Words fail us when we would express our profound sorrow over the loss of one we loved so well. It is hard for us to realize the sad fact that we shall see his face no more; hard to realize that we shall no more see him enter the meeting house door and ascend the pulpit stairs, there to proclaim the blessed gospel truths in all their sweet-ness and purity; hard to realize that we shall no longer see him upon the walls of Zion warning us against the enemy.
O sinner, no more will you see him stretching out his hands, and in pleading tones trying to win you into the safe path. No longer will you see him standing before you, earnestly warning you to flee from the wrath to come and to seek refuge in a crucified Redeemer before it is eternally too late. O that the words he spoke here in life may not be forgotten, but may still bear fruit to God's eternal glory. How keenly the church feels the loss; and why the Lord should take him away so soon just in the prime of his usefulness is hard to understand, and we feel to say as Naomi did when she had suffered the loss of her loved ones, "The Almighty has dealt bitterly with me."
There are things hard for us to un-derstand and belong wholly to the in-scrutable mysteries of Providence; we can only humbly bow in submission, and by faith look up and kiss the hand that deals the blow, knowing that He is too wise to err and that He doeth all things well.
During his illness he said, "I am going home," and shortly before he died he said to his beloved companion while standing at his bedside, "I am going to heaven." Then soon after-ward, he calmly fell asleep, no more to "wake and weep."
He had a kind heart and a forgiving spirit. We heard him say upon one occasion that he had made it a rule of his life, if he had aught against anyone always to forgive before the sun sets. He was ever ready to shed a sympathizing tear and never too proud to confess a fault. O you who through envy were wont to censure him, what regret should now awaken in you. He has gone out of your reach, no more to feel the heart pangs that false friends will cause; no longer in perils of false brethren; that aching heart is still. But let us remember the Saviour's words when He said, "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me."
The Lord who has bade him come up higher, will sometime say to all His faithful followers "inherit the king-dom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: for I was hungry, and ye gave me meat; thirsty, and ye gave me drink; sick and in prison, and ye visited me." We remember him as going about visiting the sick and ad-ministering to the wants of his fellow beings in every possible way until his strength gave way, and the Lord bade him "lay down thy weary burden and leave this world of sorrow and pain."
We believe he has gone out (as he often expressed the wish that he might go out) free from the blood of all men, and we truly believe he has gone to that eternal rest that remaineth for the people of God--to that beautiful place which he often pictured to his hearers, where "all tears shall be wiped away."
And has he gone forevermore
To yonder blissful happy shore,
Eternal glory there to reap,
No more to sorrow nor to weep?
Yes, after life's grand work was done,
The angels bade him welcome home,
No more to sorrow nor to weep,
But endless bliss and joy to reap.
A MEMBER OF THE SORROWING FLOCK.
BOYER.--Jacob G. Boyer, infant son of Bro. and Sister Martin Boyer, near Mummasburg, Adams Co., Pa, aged 8 months and 20 days. Services were held by Martin Whisler and Jacob Bucher; text, Job I, last part of 21st verse. Buried on the 14th of Septem-ber, 1898, at Mummasburg.
MISHLER.-On the 10th of Sept., in Somerset Co., Pa., Sister Mattie Mishler (widow of Jonas Mishler who died about 37 years ago). She was staying with her daughter, Mrs. Brant, at the time of her death. She reached the ripe age of 85 years, 1 month and 25 days. She was buried on the 12th. Funeral serv-ices by S. G. Shetler, S. Gindlesperger and L. A. Blough; text, Job 5:26.
STAUFFER.-On Sept. 8th, 1898, in Bareville, Lancaster Co., Pa., Edna Meria, daughter of Wilson and Anna Stauffer, at the age of one day. May the good Lord comfort the young parents, that when their life's journey is ended they may be prepared to meet their darling one in heaven.
"Another little lamb has gone,
To dwell with him who gave;
Another little darling babe
Is sheltered in the grave.
God needed one more angel child
Amidst His shining band;
And so he bent with loving smile
And clasped the darling's hand."
By her AUNT L. S.
BOYER.-On the 7th of Sept., 1898, in the county infirmary, in Elkhart Co., Ind., Daniel Boyer, aged about 60 years. He leaves one sister and one brother, three half sisters and two half brothers residing in Ohio and Michigan. He was buried on the 9th, at the Baptist Chapel near Jamestown, where services were conducted by J. F. Funk, from 1 Cor. 15:21.
BRENNEMAN.-Christian B. Brenneman was born in HessenDarmstadt, Germany, June 24, 1821, and came with his parents to America in 1825, when but three years old. In 1846 he settled per-manently in Wayne Co., O., and on Oct. 5, 1848 he was united in marriage with Hannah Plank. To this union were born four children (one son and three daughters) all of whom with their mother survive the father and husband. Bro. Brenneman was called away very suddenly Aug. 19, 1898, aged 77 years, 1 month and 15 days, and was buried on the 22nd at the Pleasant Hill Amish Mennonite meeting house. Services were conducted by Bishop J. K. Yoder and Pre. James Murray, from these words: "Be ye also ready." The de-ceased was a faithful member of the Amish Mennonite Church from his early manhood. He had just finished eating a hearty supper and was engaged with a friend in conversation on things pertaining to the kingdom of Christ, when the death sentence was pro-nounced and speedily executed. The cause of his death was supposed to be heart failure or apoplexy. Peace to his ashes; and may God comfort the bereaved ones (forasmuch as they need not mourn as those who have no hope) and give them grace so to conduct them-selves in life that they can meet him by and by on the shining banks of everlast-ing deliverance. A FRIEND.
DAUSMAN.--On the 8th of September, 1898, near Foraker, Elkhart Co., Ind., of cancer, Susan, widow of Jacob Dausman, aged 72 years, 5 months and 10 days. She was for many years a member of the Mennonite Church, and through a life of many cares ever man-ifested a noble Christian spirit. She suffered much in her last years, but bore it all patiently. She leaves a number of brothers, sisters, and children who can look to her as a bright example of faithfulness; also an aged, blind father (94 years old) of whom she with her sister had the care for some years.
EPPELE.-On July 2, 1898, in Howard Co., Ind., Elizabeth, wife of Martin Eppele (maiden name Strauss) died very suddenly of heart trouble. She had not been feeling very well for about four days but was not aware of her danger. On Saturday she was feeling better, and in the evening while she was sitting on her bed and bathing her hands and face, her husband stepped into another room to get a towel. When he returned a moment later he found her expiring. She was aged 66 years, 8 months and 17 days. She was born in Bavaria, Ger-many, Oct. 15, 1831, and in 1856, she emigrated to America. She was united in marriage to Martin Eppele in the early part of 1860, at Hagersville, Tuscarawas Co., O., and in 1861 they moved to Howard Co., Ind. She was a devoted wife, a firm believer in the Christian religion, and a loving mother. She leaves a husband and four children (one son and three daughters) seventeen grandchildren and many friends to mourn her departure; but they need not mourn as though they had no hope. She is greatly missed in this neighbor-hood, as she always was ready to give a helping hand wherever needed. Her remains were laid to rest on the 4th in the Shrock cemetery, followed by a large concourse of people. Funeral services were conducted at the A. M. meeting house by Bish. E. A. Mast and Pre. N. Sprool, from Job 14:14.
BICKEL.-On the 17th of June 1898, Rufus F., son of John and Alice Bickel, aged 1 year, 9 months and 26 days. He was buried on the 19th. Services were conducted by Andrew Shenk, from the words, "But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me." 2 Samuel 12 :23.
Little Rufus was a bright child and the parents can very appropriately say:
"When we see a precious blossom,
That we tended with such care,
Rudely taken from our bosom,
How our aching hearts despair!
'Round its little grave we linger,
Till the setting sun is low,
Feeling all our hopes have perished
With the flower we cherished so."
But we would say, in the language of another poet:
"Fond parents, calm the heaving breast,
The Savior called him home;
Grieve not, your darling is at rest
Beyond this vale of gloom.
Let hope's bright beams dispel the gloom
That fills your throbbing breast;
'Twas Jesus kindly bade him come
And called him to his rest."
BEILER.-On the 6th of Aug., near Morgantown, Berks Co., Pa., of heart disease, Bina Beiler, widow of Jacob Beiler, (deceased), aged 71 years, 1 month and 11 days. Funeral on the 8th. Services by John S. Mast and Benj. Stoltzfus.
Dear mother 'a gone to the mansions of rest,
Far away from affliction and care,
To the home where the faithful shall reap their reward,
In that home far away over there.
HERSHEY. - Near Hanover, York Co., Pa., Samuel M.
Hershey died September 8, 1898, aged 73 years, 6 months and
24 days. A large attendance was present at the funeral which took
place at Bare's M. H., on the 11th inst. Serv-ices were conducted
by Martin Whisler and Daniel Stump; text, Exodus 33, last part
of 14th verse. "My presence shall go with thee, and I will
give thee rest.
LIVENGOOD.-On the 17th of September, 1898, in St. Joseph Co., Ind., of paralysis and pulmonary affections, Bro, Phineas Livengood, aged 52 years, 3 months, and 26 days. He was married to Elizabeth Weaver on the 11th of February, 1872. This union was blessed with four children, two sons and two daughters. The daughters died several years ago. He leaves a sorrowing companion and two sons to mourn his death. He was a beloved member of the Church many years and a kind-hearted, faithful Christian, enjoying the love and respect of all who knew him. He was buried on the 19th at the Olive meeting house where services were conducted by J. F. Funk, assisted by Jacob Shenk. May we all seek to imitate the pious and devoted example of our brother.
Transcribed by Nancy Regan, Washington.
GREBE.--On September 9, near Oak-dale, Neb., Veronica
(nee Miller), wife of Conrad Grebe, at the age of
48 years, 11 months and 22 days. She leaves a husband and nine
children (four sons and five daughters) who do not mourn as those
who have no hope. In 1871 she married Conrad Grebe at Phillipsburg,
Ont., and in 1873 they united with God and the Mennonite Church
at the David Shantz meeting house on Upper street, in Wilmot Twp.,
Waterloo County. She remained faithful and steadfast in the union
with God until He called her to His heavenly abode. Sister Grebe
suffered a little over one year of dropsy, but she was conscious
until she died. She was buried on the 12th, at O'Neill, Neb.,
on which day a free passenger coach was run from Oakdale to O'Neill,
in order to give the large number of friends an opportunity to
show their last respects to the deceased. In accordance with her
desire preacher Valentine Gerber, from O'Neill, delivered the
funeral sermon, from 1 Cor. 15, in German. Preacher Lawney spoke
in English from the 90th Psalm. About 13 years ago Brother and
Sister Grebe came from Waterloo Co., Canada, to Holt Co., Nebraska.
She was a daughter of Christian A. Miller, of North Easthope,
Ont. As far as she knew, she had two brothers and one sister living in Mich-igan.
KROPF.-On July 13, 1898, at Lancaster, Schuyler Co., Mo., Bro. Christian Kropf, aged 83 years, 6 months, 3 days, of kid-ney disease. Deceased lived in Canada about 50 years before he moved to Mis-souri with his family, at which latter place he lived up to the time of his death. He leaves two sons, five daughters, forty-nine grandchildren and thirty-two great-grandchildren to mourn his departure, but not as those who have no hope. Funeral sermon by P. H. Ruhlet, in German. DANIEL GINGERICH.
HEATWOLE.-Clara, daughter of Bish. A. P. and Bettie Heatwole, of Ladd, Va., died of heart trouble, Sept. 24. She was buried at Spring burying ground, September 26; services by Jos. Heatwole, E. C. Shank and Jacob Martin. Clara was the oldest daughter of Bish. Heatwole, and the third child; she was in her eighteenth year. She connected herself with the Mennonite Church several years ago, in which she lived a creditable life for her profession and for Christ. She was one that was always the same and was an example for us all. She recently visited her many friends and relatives in Rockingham Co. at which time and place she wielded an influence for good in showing such a meek, quiet and consistent life for Christ. It is a heavy blow for her parents, brothers and younger sisters. But thanks be to God they all know where to go to bind up the wounds that have been made for some good purpose. There was a large crowd at the services and the discourse was very impressively rendered.
HARNISH.-On September 1, 1898, in Pequea Twp, Lancaster Co., Pa., Henry H., youngest child of Bro. Henry and Sister Mattie Harnish, aged 1 year, 11 months and 10 days. Buried on the 4th at the Byerland meeting house, where services were held by Abram B. Herr and Tobias Brubaker; text, Job 14:1.
Go to thy rest, fair child,
Go to thy dreamless bed;
While yet so gentle, undefiled,
With blessings on thy head.
KLINE.-On the 22d of September, 1898, near Mendon, Mich., of brain fever, Ernest Kline, aged 1 month and 25 days. Buried on the 24th at the Union Reserved cemetery. The funeral services were conducted by Frank Styles, of the First Baptist Church. His text was 2 Kings 4:26. "Emblems of Heaven." The affliction falls heavily on the parents, but they can comfort themselves with the thought that Jesus has prepared for the children a home where there is no more sorrow, nor crying, nor death.
Two months of sweet, two little months
That vanished with our darling's breath:
So strange: it doth not yet appear
What is the blessing hid in death.
O, shining brow and form so fair,
And eyes that beyond the blue,
Dear face, that grew from fair to fair,
The same, yet always something new.
A sweeter dream, who ever dreamed,
Than came with his soft lips to ours?
Blessed with his life our being seemed
Dreamed in the flowering soul of flowers.
O, heart of God, that pities all!
O love that gives and takes away,
Confused and faint on thee we fall
Yet know that now we ought to say
Thy will be done.
D. S. WELDY.
RYCHNER.--On the 22d of August 1898, near Archbold, O., of paralysis, Magdalena Rychner, wife of Christian Rychner, aged 81 years, 4 months and 25 days. She lived in matrimony 5* years, 8 months and 12 days. Sister Rychner was a good and kind Christian mother, a devoted and faithful member of the Amish Mennonite Church. Her death was very sudden and is an admonition to all to be ready when death comes. The funeral was held on the 24th at the A. M. meeting house, where a large concourse of relatives and friends met to pay their last tribute of respect. Services were conducted by C. S. Stucky, C. Freyenberger and D. J. Wyse.
Transcriber's note: the second digit in the number of years Mrs. Rychner was married is illegible. It might be 5, 6 or 8.
THOMAS.-On the 10th of September, 1898, in Conestoga Twp., Lancaster Co., Pa, of consumption, Sister Susan B., wife of Bro. Abraham Thomas and daughter of Pre. John and Sister Catharine Harnish, aged 38 years, 6 months and 20 days. She leaves a bereft husband and nine children, but they mourn not as those who have no hope. Buried on the 12th at the Rivercorner meeting house. Funeral services by Abram B. Herr and Benj. Hertzler; text, Rev. 14:13.
"Dearest mother, thou hast left us,
Here thy loss we deeply feel;
But 'tis God that has bereft us,
He can all our sorrows heal.
Yet again we hope to meet thee,
When the day of life is fled;
Then in Heaven with joy to greet thee,
Where no farewell tear is shed."
JOHN B. HARNISH.
SCHNEIDER.-On August 25, 1898, near Delta, Ohio, Mary (nee Yoder) wife of Jacob Schneider, at the age of 57 years, 2 months and 9 days. She leaves her husband and eleven children. Three children preceded her to the spirit world. She had twenty--four grandchildren. Four have died. She and her husband lived in matrimony 39 years, 2 months, 1 day. Funeral took place on the 26th; services were con-ducted by D. Rupp and Eli Rupp in German, and Benj. Rupp in English.
RUPP.--On Sept. 13, 1898, in Clinton Twp., Clinton Co. Ohio, Barbara (nee Yoder), wife of C. L. Rupp, aged 51 years, 8 months. She leaves her husband and seven children. Three children have passed away before her. She also leaves four grandchildren and two brothers to mourn her loss. She was married 30 years, 7 months, 14 days. Funeral took place on the 15th. Fun-eral services by Joseph Rupp, from Oklahoma, and C. R. Egle, from Illinois, in German, and Benj. Rupp in English, from Phil. 1:21.
HOSTETLER.-On the 23d of September, 1898, in Howard Co., Ind., of consumption, Catharine, wife of David Hostetler, (maiden name Mast) aged 28 years, 10 months and 10 days. Six weeks before her death her brother, Bish. E. A. Mast, brought her to his home from Jonesboro, Ind., where she and her husband and youngest child had been staying where she was well taken care of till God removed her to a better home. She was united in marriage to David Hostetler, Sept. 10, l889. This union was blessed with 5 children, of whom 3 preceded her to the spirit world. She had united with the Mennonite Church in her younger years, but afterwards she had drifted away, and lived cold and indifferent until some time before her death when she repented, and was engaged con-stantly in prayer, and desired to be restored to membership. She was re-signed to God. She often communed with her God in prayer. She often said that she was ready to go home to Jesus if God saw fit to call her away. She was buried on the 24th. Funeral services at the A. M. meeting house, conducted by J. S. Horner in English, from Rev. 22:11, and N. Sproll in German from Isa. 35:8-10. She leaves a husband and two children, father and mother, five brothers and two sisters, and many friends and relatives to mourn her de-parture, but they need not to mourn as if they had no hope; their loss is her eternal gain. She was conscious to her last breath. May God bless the bereaved ones.
STAUFFER.-John Stauffer was born May 3, 1813, in Waterloo Co., Canada, where he lived till some time in May 1898, when he moved to Elkton, Mich., with his son Tillman Stauffer, and died September 19, 1898, aged 85 years, 4 months and 16 days. His wife died nine years ago. He was the father of ten children (five living and five dead), twenty-four grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren. He was buried September 21st, in the Elkton Presbyterian cemetery. Funeral services were held by Bro. Peter Ropp, in German, from Rev. 14:13, and in English from John 5:28,29. He had been a member of the Mennonite Church, but had fallen back some years ago and remained so until his death. May the Lord bless all brothers and sisters with His Holy Spirit that they may be found true and faithful servants. May the words of Paul in 1 Thess. 5 :4, 21 be appliable to them: "But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief." "Prove all things; hold fast that which is good." A BROTHER.
Transcriber's note: the word "appliable" in the second to the last line is transcribed as it appears.
SHORT.-On the 13th of September, 1898 in Henry County, O., Edna, daugh-ter of Jonas and Eliza Short, aged 2 years. Little Edna died on her birth-day, of cholera infantum. Buried on the 16th, at the Amish Mennonite meeting house. Funeral services were conducted by C. S. Stucky and D. J. Wyse, in the presence of a large concourse of relatives and friends who were assem-bled at the church house. This jewel was taken away very young, but the little ones that are taken from our midst are "safe in the arms of Jesus." What a blessed consolation and assur-ance for parents to know they have a jewel that is numbered among that vast throng of little children, "for of such is the kingdom of heaven."
ERB.-On July 12, 1898 at her home near Erb's meeting house, Lancaster Co., Pa., of heart disease, Ester M., wife of Bro. Samuel H. Erb, peacefully en-tered into rest, aged 52 years, 4 months and 9 days. Buried July 15th at Erb's meeting house. Services were con-ducted by Bro. Boll, Jacob N. Brubacher and John K. Brubaker. Text, Heb. 4:9. A very large number of friends and relatives assembled to show their respects for the departed one and to sympathize with the bereft husband and family. She leaves a deeply bereaved husband and five children, three sons and two daughters, an aged mother, three brothers and one sister to mourn the loss of a dear one, but not without hope. She was a devoted wife and mother. She was a bright and shining light in the church and a devoted Sunday school worker. She bore here suf-fering with Christian patience and was fully resigned to the will of God and de-sired to go home and be at rest.
Dearest sister, how we miss thee,
Since thy face we see no more;
Yet we hope ere long to greet thee
On the fair, celestial shore.
BENNER.-On September 21, 1898, at Souderton, Pa., of cholera infantum, Mabel Helen, little daughter of Christian and Ellemina Benner, aged 7 months and 22 days. She was buried on the 24th at the Souderton Mennonite burying ground. Bro. Josiah Clemmer spoke at the house of mourning, and Bro. Chr. Allebach at the meeting house, from Isa 40:6, 7.
The tyrant, death, came rushing in,
And here his power to show
With icy hand he touched this child,
And laid its visage low.
No more the pleasant child is seen.
To please the parent's eye,
The tender plant, so fresh and green,
Is in eternity. H. C. K.
AESCHLEMAN.-On the 18th of Sep-tember, 1898 near Pettisville, O, Fannie Aeschleman (maiden name Short), wife of Samuel Aeschleman, aged 2* years, 1 month and 21 days. She was married to Samuel Aeschleman, October 24, 1897. They lived together in matrimony 10 months and 21 days. She leaves a sorrowing husband, and infant child (two weeks old), besides parents, sisters, a brother and many friends to mourn their loss. Funeral services on the 20th at the Amish meeting house, conducted by C. S. Stucky and D. J. Wyse, in German and E. L. Frey, in English, to a crowded house of attentive hearers, over 1,000 being present.
Transcriber's note: the second digit of Mrs. Aeschleman's age is illegible in the original.
HUNSBERGER.-On September 20, 1898 at Souderton, Pa., of typhoid fever, Nelson Hunsberger, aged 27 years, 9 months, 19 days. He was not married. On the 25th be was buried at the Souderton Mennonite cemetery. Bro. Chr. Allebach spoke at the house of mourning, and Bro. Josiah Clemmer at the meet-ing house, from Acts 17: 31.
HAGEY.-On September 1, 1898, at Franconia, Montgomery Co., Pa., of apoplexy, Sister Hannah Hagey, at the age of 83 years, 4 months and 27 days. The funeral took place on Sept. 6, at the Franconia burying-ground. Bro. Chr. Allebach spoke at the house of mourn-ing and Bro. Josiah Clemmer, aided by Bro. Jacob Moyer, at the meeting house, from Psalm 37. She is resting in peace.
KRUPP.-On September 18, 1898, at Kulpsville, Pa., Sister Margaret, wife of Bro. Henry Krupp, at the age of 78 years, 5 months and 7 days. She was buried on the 22nd at the Towamencin burying-ground, at which occasion Bro. Josiah Clemmer and Henry Bower spoke at the house of mourning, and the Brethren Jacob Stauffer and Jacob Hunsberger at the meeting house. The first named in English, from Rev. 14: 13.
MARTIN.-Mary Catharine Martin, wife of Amos Martin, died at Spring Grove, Lancaster Co., Pa., on September 8th, 1898, of typhoid fever. Her age was 20 years, 1 month and 28 days. She was buried at Weaverland, on September 11th, on which occasion Bro. John Zimmerman and Bro. Benj. Hartzler spoke to a large audience, the house be-ing full and many were not able to get inside. Bro. S. B. Witmer made some very appropriate remarks at the house. Sister Katie leaves a bereaved husband and many relatives and friends to mourn her early departure, but thanks be to God that we have every reason to believe that we need not mourn as those who have no hope. She was married but a little over 8 months, and had the propects ** of a happy and useful life, but truly "man proposes and God disposes." Katie was a regular attendant at Sunday school and Church services, but like so many others she put the important decision off from time to time; many golden opportunities were offered to her to ac-cept Christ as her Saviour, until at last disease took hold of her, and after about one week or ten days lingering, she suddenly was overtaken with an un-conscious spell, not being able to move herself and noticing nothing of her sur-roundings, there she lay for four hours, with death staring her in the face, and oh, it seemed Katie must leave unpre-pared, but many of those who often plead with her engaged in prayer and intercession in her behalf, for one more opportunity to be granted to her. After some time she began to move; at last after about two hours sleep, she lifted up her eyes and saw her condition and began to call upon God, and plead for peace and pardon. The writer was called to her side and after a few words of encouragement she requested to be baptized. Bro. John Zimmerman was called for and she was baptized upon confession of her faith, after which she selected a hymn to be sung and rejoiced exceedingly in her new found joy. But my dear ones who may read this, and yet live a sinner's life, think how near she missed a happy end, "Oh if only I would have given up long ago," were some of her last words. She also told her husband that she wanted him to be-come a Christian too. Praise God! he has since also given up, to serve the Lord, he also being sick at present writing. We firmly believe that our dear Sister Katie was restored to us again in answer to prayer, and we now pray, while her life is lost (although her soul was saved), that God may use this sad dispensation for the salvation of every one of Katie's associates. Truly God is love.
Young friends, take warning. Accept Christ while you are well and in the morning of your life, so that after your departure your influence for good may continue for years and years to come.
"She is not dead, but sleepeth."
J. W. W.
**Transcriber's note: the word "propects", about a third of the way down in this notice, is transcribed as it appears.
Transcribed by Nancy Regan, Washington.